1 Samuel 14: Saul’s battle within

Introduction In the last chapter, we saw the moral decline of king Saul begin with his unlawful sacrifice. We continue to see this decline but from a new angle. Saul makes a rash oath which results in pride, distress, sin of the people, and a damaged relationship between Saul and his son Jonathan. Jonathan DefeatsContinue reading “1 Samuel 14: Saul’s battle within”

1 Samuel 9: the lost donkeys

Introduction Israel has just requested a king like all the nations to judge them and fight their battles. Their request is a rejection of Yahweh as Israel’s king for the reason that he was Israel’s judge through the revealed word of the prophets, the religious council of priests, and the decisions of local judges, byContinue reading “1 Samuel 9: the lost donkeys”

1 Samuel 8: Israel demands a king

Introduction Discussion Question: Have you ever followed a cultural trend that you are embarrassed to admit to? Describe it! Summary: The 8th chapter of 1 Samuel tells the unfortunate story of when Israel began to follow a cultural trend of centralized tyrannical government. This trend was widespread in the ancient world and is exemplified inContinue reading “1 Samuel 8: Israel demands a king”

1 Samuel Chapter 7: National Repentance and Victory

Introduction Chapter 7 of 1 Sam concludes the first of the three section of the book. One of the main purposes of this first section (ch. 1-7) is to establish Samuel as Yahweh’s prophet to Israel. After reading chapter 7, there should be no doubt in the reader’s mind of the position God placed himContinue reading “1 Samuel Chapter 7: National Repentance and Victory”


There appears to be an illusive contradiction between the teaching of Paul and James, at least in terminology. On the one hand, Paul taught that one is justified by faith apart from works (Rom 4:5).[1] Whereas James, on the other hand, taught that one is justified by faith plus works (James 2:24). A prominent beliefContinue reading “RESOLVING THE TENSION IN JUSTIFICATION BETWEEN PAUL, JAMES, AND JESUS.”

Free Trade, Protection, and God’s Law

On July of 2019, Baptist Press released an article entitled Trade war could disrupt Bible supply, publishers warn. It reported that Trump’s 25% tariff on all books made in China would effectively act as a “Bible Tax.”[1] Because of a Bible’s complex features (e.g. thin pages, small print, and special illustrations), most publishers have them produced in ChinaContinue reading “Free Trade, Protection, and God’s Law”